Handicaps & Sail Numbers
The CYCA is authorised (ref RYA Prescription G2 to Appendix G of the Racing Rules of Sailing) to issue C- suffix sail numbers. These are internationally-valid and may optionally be preceded by "GBR". Numbers are normally issued in sequence. Out-of-sequence "cherished" numbers may be issued, when available, at an additional charge. The Sail Number Application Form may be downloaded via the link, and available numbers can be discussed with the office - 01436-821234.
Where a new vessel has been assigned a "Builder's Number", the office will endeavour to find a suitable number (at the standard fee) which minimises the cost of sail alteration.
Handicaps will only be issued for monohull yachts with valid sail numbers. Owners should apply using the form, which may be downloaded here, and should return it to the office with a cheque for the fee due. Payment can also be made by Bank Transfer - details can be found on the form.
(For applicants with MS Word, the "WORD Form" options allow a form to be retrieved and completed, then stored and emailed back to the Association.)
At the risk of stating the obvious, one-designs do not require handicaps when racing one-design. See footnote (a) regarding handicaps for one-designs racing in a handicap class.
Handicaps are valid for the duration of ownership, and a further fee is only due if modifications are to be made. Note the new arrangements introduced in May 2009 for One Year Certificates and Dual Handicaps. Details are described in the form, and in notes in the "News" section of this website.
Handicaps are managed by a Handicap Committee comprising racing helmsmen, sailmakers and other professionals in the leisure marine business. Handicaps are primarily assigned by “class” or “type”, with new designs assessed based on weight, rig and hull/keel shape. The CYCA handicap database currently recognises over 800 classes or types of boat.
For more on the Handicap Manual and Annual Review processes, click here.
Handicaps are assigned in “Minutes per hour”, which provides a very approximate guide as to how far/behind boats need to be in a race of a given duration. Formulae are:
Corrected time = Elapsed time x Time Correction Factor.
TCF= (60 – Handicap in Mins per hour) ÷ 60
Individual boats, however, may vary from the standard due to furling sails, fixed blade propellers, etc. Furling headsails are subject to the conditions set out in the Handicap Application Form and must be:
|Engine||Inboard where standard is outboard or none||I||0.25|
|Propeller||Fixed two blade||2||0.25|
|Fixed three blade||3||0.50|
|Fixed prop in keel aperture||K||0.25|
|Foresail||Furling (and only foresail used except Storm Jib)||F||0.25|
|+ additional FDH allowance||G||variable|
|Mainsail||In-mast furling, no battens||M||0.75|
|In-mast furling, vertical battens||V||0.25|
|Bow Thruster||Non-retractable / No baffles||T||0.50|
|Other||Special adjustment for this boat||+/- n||n x 0.05|
Handicaps are then stored and displayed with a codification structured as follows:
|S||Standard - no variations||For example, one-design classes|
|N||Non-standard - variations as shown||e.g. "N2F" indicates 2-blade fixed prop and a furling headsail - as per table above|
|O||One-off - with or without variations||Most one-offs have no variations but this coding may be used when a new type is introduced, in anticipation of differently configured variants|
|C||Crusing only - no handicap||Default, used when a C-suffix sail number is issued, or when change of ownership is advised|
Clubs organising racing under CYCA Handicaps should note that:
(a) all yachts wishing to compete under CYCA Handicap should have a current valid certificate. For rigidly-controlled one-designs, with classes qualifying for this designation being agreed by the Executive from time to time, certificates will be issued on payment of the Additional Certificate fee. Enforcement of these requirements ensures that the cost of the system is borne by all of those benefiting from it, and that CYCA Subscriptions payable by Clubs are kept to a minimum. The CYCA reserves the right to refuse to issue a handicap to a boat with an unusual design.
(b) consistent with IRC rule 14 (Manual Power), containing rule 14.1 which states “ RRS 52, Manual Power, shall not apply”, racing under CYCA Handicap will permit the use of Stored Power for winches etc provided that the Notice of Race and Sailing Instructions have adequately made clear that RRS 52 will not apply. Such use of Stored Power will NOT form the basis for any allowances from standard.
For clubs organising racing under CYCA Handicapping, the Association offers a season-long "Handicap Manual Process". This has traditionally been in the form of a hard-copy manual issued in April. Monthly Update Lists are then provided during the season - or "on demand" when required - containing cumulative lists of boats for which new handicaps have been issued, or revisions made, since the "Datum Date" when the manual was created. These Update Lists are normally emailed to subscribing clubs.
The fee for this service was £25 for 10 years from1999, but rising printing and postage costs required the fee to be increased to £30 in 2009.
The Association therefore now offers three modes of operation:
1. No Fee.
Clubs obtain the information they require from the website, using the Boat/Class look-up facility augmented by the additional yearbook-style lists (plus indices) added to the website in Dec 2008. Access to these lists is provided here.
2. Reduced Fee (£10)
Clubs subscribe to an "electronic manual" service whereby an up-to-date manual is issued as a set of PDFs every month, or "on demand", and print only what they require. The PDFs will in total be about 1MB and easily sent by email. A monthly update list will also be sent by email to identify, cumulatively, changes made since the Datum Date at the start of the season.
Sample sections of the manual can be accessed via the links here. Note that the data in these samples is deliberately NOT CURRENT and is INCOMPLETE. They should not be used in lieu of an official version obtained by subscription. The samples are included only to illustrate what is provided via this option and option 3, below.
3. Full Fee (£30)
Printed manual plus monthly emailed update lists, as historically provided.
Results Analysis and Feedback
Any handicapping process requires feedback to identify anomalies. The Association would like to encourage structured feedback from clubs, as feedback from owners tends to focus only on handicaps which are perceived by them to be "tight".
For clubs using HAL's Racing Results, versions since 2009 have included structured analyses for ANY handicapping system. These can be sent on to the system's owners in whatever format they would prefer. The CYCA Handicap Committee will accept any form of feedback provided it is based on data.
HRR is free. Clubs interested should access Hopford Associates' website, from which the system can be downloaded. It is already extensively used by CYCA constituent clubs, and the CYCA Hon Secretary can provide further information if required.